A petition. A simple piece of paper was the trigger. Ten thousands of Russian workers claimed the rights that the government had promised them two months before. They were hungry and underfed. In January 1905, they marched towards the Winter Palace of Nicolas II outside St. Petersburg, and while they marched, they prayed and sang. They were led by an Orthodox priest. But the Czar’s soldiers drowned the peaceful march in blood. Nicolas II. was afraid. The world was changing and he did not accept change. His soldiers were afraid. The once glorious army had lost the Crimean War and the war against Japan. The country was in uproar.